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Discontinuation Patterns Among Women Using Jadelle Contraceptive Devices in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria

Introduction: The Jadelle subdermal contraceptive implant is a widely used hormonal contraceptive consisting of two rods, each consisting of a Levonorgestrel-releasing core encased in thin-walled silicon-rubber tubing. Our study examined the prevalence and discontinuation patterns of Jadelle among women in a Southern Nigerian Hospital. Materials and Methods: A review of the discontinuation patterns among Jadelle contraceptive device users in the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital over 3 years was carried out. The Case files of all clients who used Jadelle implant over the period were retrieved and analyzed. Results: Out of 2,980 clients using different contraceptive methods during the study period, 231 clients (7.8%) used the Jadelle implant. Of the 198 (85.7%) case notes available, most (52%) of them were aged 30-34 years, had attained a tertiary level of education (50.4%), and were grand-multiparous (50%). Fifty-six (56.6%) percent of clients used Jadelle for birth spacing while 44.5% used it for limiting family sizes. The most common menstrual pattern at 24 months follow-up was Amenorrhea (50%). Sixty clients (30.3%) discontinued the method for reasons which include the desire for pregnancy (48.3%), side effects (25%), change of method (11.5%), and husbands` view (5%). Discontinuation was more among the younger clients less than 36 years (86.7%). Conclusion: The Jadelle contraceptive device is associated with a number of side effects, however, the major reason for discontinuation was the desire for pregnancy, followed by the complications arising from Jadelle use. There is a need for more detailed client and spousal counseling, especially on the side effects of Jadelle to reduce discontinuation due to them.

Contraception, Family Planning, Jadelle, Side Effects, Discontinuation

APA Style

Obinna Njoku, Matthias Gabriel Abah, Uduak Solomon Ocheche, Emmanuel Columba Inyangetoh, Mbereobong Saturday Etuk. (2023). Discontinuation Patterns Among Women Using Jadelle Contraceptive Devices in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria. European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, 9(2), 22-27.

ACS Style

Obinna Njoku; Matthias Gabriel Abah; Uduak Solomon Ocheche; Emmanuel Columba Inyangetoh; Mbereobong Saturday Etuk. Discontinuation Patterns Among Women Using Jadelle Contraceptive Devices in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria. Eur. J. Clin. Biomed. Sci. 2023, 9(2), 22-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20230902.12

AMA Style

Obinna Njoku, Matthias Gabriel Abah, Uduak Solomon Ocheche, Emmanuel Columba Inyangetoh, Mbereobong Saturday Etuk. Discontinuation Patterns Among Women Using Jadelle Contraceptive Devices in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria. Eur J Clin Biomed Sci. 2023;9(2):22-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20230902.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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